Biography of Poet Banarsidas Ji – Part 1

“This article is originally written by Dr. Ranjana Jain, New Delhi. I have translated it into English.”

हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए यहां  क्लिक करें |

. . .

The life of Poet Banarsidas Ji was full of ups and downs. The instinctive combination of the virtue and the rise of sin that can be seen in his life is not found in the life of any other great person.
The poet faced many difficulties in his life, yet the creation of so many spiritual texts is an inspiration for the poet’s patience. Whoever reads his life journey, he/she is obliged to think once that even though there was such a sharp rise of adversaries, how was he so intuitive and simple-hearted?

Let’s know his life journey in his own testimony.

Introduction to Family:

There is a village named Biholi near Rohtakpur in central India, there was a colony of Rajputs of the first dynasties. One day a Jain Saint arrived in that village. All the people accepted Jainism on being influenced by Muniraj’s holy character and simple nature and teachings.

In the words of Poet Shri Banarsidas Ji:

याही भरत सुखेत में , मध्य देश शुभ ठाँव।
बसै नगर रोहतगपुर , निकट बिहोली गाँव।।
गाँव बिरोली में बसे , राज वंश रजपूत।
तै गुरू मुख जैनी भये , त्यागि करम अघभूत।।
पहिरी माला मंत्र ली , पायौ कुल श्रीमाल।
थाप्यो गोत विहोलिया , बीहोली रखपाल।।

There are many religious and scholar men in this famous tradition of Biholia family. One of these was Muldas, who was the patriarch of “Poet Banarsidas Ji”. Muldas Ji had two sons named Khadgasen and Ghanmal. Unfortunately, Ghanmal died at a young age of three.
Muldas Ji could not endure the son’s death and he died.
After his departure, his devoted widow came to his father’s house with his son. The time passed away slowly and one-day Khadgasen was married to the daughter of Meerut’s “Surdas Ji Shrimal”. In the year 1635, “Khadgasen” was blessed with a son who filled the house with the happiness. But after ten days, the son died and all the joy turned into weed.

In the year 1637, Khadgasen went to visit Sati with the desire to get a son. But unfortunately, he was robbed by thieves on the way. In this regard, poet Banarsidas Ji had written:

गये हुते माँगन को पूत,
यहु फल दीनों सती अऊत।
तउ न समझै मिथ्या बात,
फिर मानी उनहीं की बात।।
प्रगट रूप देखें सब सोग,
तउ न समझै मूरख लोग।।

The conclusion of above is “How strange are the thoughts of human beings, that even after bearing so much grief and disappointing rupture (fruit), his greedy mind doesn’t accept it?”.

In the year 1643, Khadgasen traveled to Sati again in the desire of son. This time his desire was fulfilled. After eight years, he was blessed with a son again and celebrated it immensely. These verses are visible in connection with their birthdate and birth name –

संवत सोलह सौ तेताल,
माघ मास सित पक्ष रसाल।
एकादशी वार रविनन्द,
नखत रोहिणी वृष को चंद।।
रोहिनी तृतिय चरन अनुसार,
खरगसेन घर सुत अवतार।
दीनों नाम विक्रमाजीत,
गावहिं कामिनि मंगल गीत।।

I.e. “poet Banarasidas Ji” was born in Soviet 1643, Magh Shukla Ekadashi, Sunday 3rd phase, Rohini and Taurus Moon. At that time he was named Vikramajit.

. . .

How did he get the name ‘Banarsidas’?

When the child Vikramajit became six-seven months old, Khadgasen went to visit Parshvanath along with the family. He worshiped with great devotion, and kept the child at the feet of the Lord and prayed for longevity –

चिरजीवि कीजै यह बाल,
तुम शरनागत के रखपाल।
इस बालक पर कीजै दया,
अब यह दास तुम्हारा भया।।

A priest was standing at the temple that time, he faked his focused and said, “The yaksha of Lord Parshvanath has indicated me that this child will be a long life.”. He said the following about the name of the child:

जो प्रभु पार्श्व जन्म को गाँव,
सो दीजै बालक को नांव।
तो बालक चिरजीवी होय,
यह कहि लोप भयो सुर सोय।।

Khardgasen gave his son’s name Banarsidas assuming this illusion of the elusive priest to be right. The kid started growing like the new moon gradually. But in the short life of five years, Banarasidas Ji was surrounded by sangrahani (a disease). He became fine after suffering from great pain for one year but he again suffered from chicken pox. In this way, he spent his almost two years in a great pain.

. . .


Despite being disheartened by the fatal disease, the child “Banarsidas Ji” was sent to the Guru’s ashram for the education.
Due to the intellectual property of Banarsidas Ji, he gained sufficient knowledge in a short period of time. In the words of the poet:

आठ बरस कौ हुऔ बाल,
विद्या पठन गयौ चटसाल।
गुरू पांडे से विद्या सिखै,
अक्सर वांचे लेख लिखै।।
बरस एक लौं विद्या पढी,
दिन-दिन अधिक-अधिक मति बढ़ी।
विद्या पढी हूऔ बितपन्न,
संवत् सोलह सै बावन्न।।

It was only a year since he was educated that in the short life of 9 years, “Banarasidas Ji” got engaged. After two years in 1654, he got married. Although there was no time for studying due to family responsibilities after marriage, the poet studied the works of Anekarth-Naammala, Astrology, Alankar etc. even after the age of 14. Later on, he studied various scriptures written by ‘Bhanuchandra Ji’, the intense scholar of spiritualism.

Click here to read Part-2.